The dachshund breed standard originated in Germany in the early 1600s. They were originally available in two coat types: smooth and longhaired. The wirehaired appeared later, likely, as a result of outcrossing with a terrier breed to achieve a stronger wired coat.
The miniature dachshund was developed in the 1800s to hunt smaller prey such as rabbits above ground.
In the late 1800s, the breed gained popularity in America, and the Dachshund Club of America was founded in 1895. During WWI the popularity of the breed decreased as a result of anti-german political propaganda, the number of dachshund owners significantly decreased until the 1930s, when the breed regained popularity. During WWII, the Dachshund Club of America campaigned to prevent a new decline in the breed’s popularity. As a result, the dachshund is, still to this day, one of the most popular and beloved dog breeds in America.